The Agonist-antagonist Myoneural Interface

Herr HM, Carty MJ. The Agonist-antagonist Myoneural Interface. Tech Orthop. 2021 Dec;36(4):337-344. doi: 10.1097/bto.0000000000000552. PMID: 34866774; PMCID: PMC8630671.


Scientist and technologist have long sought to advance limbprostheses that connect directly to the peripheral nervous system, enabling a person with amputation to volitionally control synthetic actuators that move, stiffen and power the prosthesis, as well as to experience natural afferent sensations from the prosthesis. Recently, the agonist antagonist myoneural interface (AMI) was developed, a mechanoneural transduction architecture and neural interface system designed to provide persons with amputation improved muscle-tendon proprioception and neuroprosthetic control. In this paper, we provide an overview of the AMI, including its conceptual framing and preclinical science, surgical techniques for its construction, and clinical efficacy related to pain mitigation, phantom limb range of motion, fascicle dynamics, central brain proprioceptive sensorimotor preservation, and prosthetic controllability. Following this broad overview, we end with a discussion of current limitations of the AMI and potential resolutions to such challenges.

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