Conductive Hydrogels for Bioenergy Harvesting and Self-Powered Application

Zhang, C.*, Nayeem, M. O. G.*, Wang, Z.*, Pu, X., Dagdeviren, C.†, Wang, Z.L.†, Zhang, X.†, Liu, R.†, “Conductive hydrogels for bioenergy harvesting and self-powered application”, Progress in Materials Science, 138, 101156, 2023.


Conductive hydrogels (CHs) are characterized by tissue-like mechanical properties, multiple stimuli-responsive abilities and favourable biocompatibility, enabling their wearable devices to construct a conformal interface with rugged tissue surfaces compatible with human body for real-time monitoring. However, external power supply requirements and complex fabrication processes limit their broad applications. Self-powered wearable devices can harvest energy from humans and the ambient environments, benefitting a long-term operating ecosystem. In this review, we discuss the materials engineering and designs for CHs-based devices for bioenergy harvesting and self-powered application. Specifically, we highlight the unique advantages of CHs in bioelectrical interfacing with the human body. CHs-based flexible bioenergy harvesters as well as self-powered applications are then summarized. Finally, we will provide the current challenges for materials, device designs and feasible approaches in the next-generation CHs-based multifunctional devices. 

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